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world literature dictionary

Define literature. literature synonyms, literature pronunciation, literature translation, English dictionary definition of literature. n. 1. The body of written works of a language, period, or culture. Around the World in Eighty Days: Jules Verne: Pecksniff: Martin Chuzzlewit: Charles Dickens: Charity Pecksniff: Martin Chuzzlewit: Charles. Jan 16,  · Dictionary Of World Literature Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. EMBED. EMBED (for hosted blogs and item tags) Want more? Advanced embedding details, examples, and help! favorite. share. flag. world literature definition, meaning, English dictionary, synonym, see also 'for the world',in the world',developing world',Fourth World', Reverso dictionary, English definition, English vocabulary.

World literature - Wikipedia

World literature is sometimes used to refer to the sum total of the world's national literatures, but usually it refers to the circulation of works into the wider world beyond their country of origin. Often used in the past primarily for masterpieces of Western European literatureworld literature today is increasingly seen in global context. Readers today have access to an unprecedented range of works from around the world in excellent translations, and since the mids a lively debate has grown up concerning both the aesthetic and the political values and limitations of an emphasis on global processes over national traditions.

Johann Wolfgang Goethe used the concept of Weltliteratur in several of his essays in the early decades of the nineteenth century to describe the international circulation and reception of literary works in Europe, including works of non-Western origin.

The concept achieved wide currency after his disciple Johann World literature dictionary Eckermann published a collection of conversations with Goethe in In a famous statement in JanuaryGoethe predicted to Eckermann that in the coming years world literature would supplant the national literatures as the major mode of literary creativity:.

I am more and more world literature dictionary that poetry is the universal world literature dictionary of mankind, revealing itself everywhere and at all times in hundreds and hundreds of men. I therefore like to look about me in foreign nations, and advise everyone to do the same.

National literature is now a rather unmeaning term; the epoch of world literature is at hand, world literature dictionary, and everyone must strive to hasten its approach. Reflecting a fundamentally economic understanding of world literature as a process of trade and exchange, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels used the term in their Communist Manifesto world literature dictionary describe the "cosmopolitan character" of bourgeois literary production, asserting that.

In world literature dictionary of the old wants, satisfied by the productions of the country, we find new wants, requiring for their satisfaction the products of distant lands and climates. And as in material, so also in intellectual production, world literature dictionary. The intellectual creations of individual nations become common property. National one-sidedness and narrow-mindedness become more and more impossible, and from the numerous national and local literatures, there arises a world literature.

Martin Puchner has argued that Goethe had a keen sense of world literature as driven by a new world market in literature. It was this market-based approach that Marx and Engels pick up in But while the two authors admire the world literature created by bourgeois capitalismthey also seek to exceed it.

They hoped to create a new type of world literature, one exemplified by the Manifestowhich was to be published simultaneously in many languages and several locations, world literature dictionary. This text was supposed to inaugurate a new type of world literature and in fact partially succeeded, becoming one of the most influential texts of the twentieth century. Whereas Marx and Engels followed Goethe in seeing world literature as a modern or even future phenomenon, in the Irish scholar H.

Posnett argued that world literature first arose in ancient empires such as the Roman Empire, long before the rise of the modern national literatures. By the turn of the twentieth century, intellectuals in various parts of the globe were thinking actively about world literature as a frame for their own national production, a theme found in essays by several of the progressive writers of China's May Fourth movement, including Lu Xun.

Over the course of the nineteenth century and well into the twentieth, the rising tide of nationalism led to an eclipse of interest in world literature, but in the postwar era, comparative and world literature began to enjoy a resurgence in the United States. As a world literature dictionary of immigrants, and with a less well established national tradition than many older countries possessed, the United States became a thriving site for the study of comparative literature often primarily at the graduate level and of world literature, often taught as a first-year general education class.

The focus remained largely on the Greek and Roman classics and the literatures of the major modern Western European powers, but a confluence of factors in the late s and early s led to a greater openness to the wider world. The end of the Cold War, the growing globalization of the world world literature dictionary, and new waves of immigration from many parts of the world led to several efforts to open out the study of world literature.

This change is well illustrated by the expansion of The Norton Anthology of World Masterpieces, whose first edition of featured only Western European and North American works, to a new "expanded edition" world literature dictionary with substantial non-Western selections, and with the title changed from "masterpieces" to the less exclusive "Literature".

The explosive growth in the range of cultures studied under the rubric of world literature has inspired a variety of theoretical world literature dictionary to define and delimit the field and to propose effective modes of research and teaching.

In his book What Is World Literature? David Damrosch argued for world literature as less a vast canon world literature dictionary works and more a matter of circulation and reception, and he proposed that works that thrive as world literature are ones that work well and even gain in various ways in translation.

Whereas Damrosch's approach remains tied to the close reading of individual works, a very different view was taken by the Stanford critic Franco Moretti in a pair of articles offering "Conjectures on World Literature". Moretti's approach combined elements of evolutionary theory with the world-systems analysis pioneered by Immanuel Wallersteinan approach further discussed since then by Emily Apter in her influential book The Translation Zone, world literature dictionary.

Both Moretti and Casanova emphasize the inequalities of the global literary field, which Moretti describes as "one, world literature dictionary, but unequal". The field of world literature continues to generate debate, with critics such as Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak arguing that too often the study of world literature in translation smooths out both the linguistic richness of the original and the political force a work can have in its original context, world literature dictionary.

Once a primarily European and American concern, world literature is now actively studied and discussed in many parts of the world. World literature series are now being published in World literature dictionary and in Estonia, and a new Institute for World Literature, offering month-long summer sessions on theory and pedagogy, had its inaugural session at Peking University inwith its next sessions at Istanbul Bilgi University in and at Harvard University in Since the middle of the first world literature dictionary of the new century, a steady stream of world literature dictionary has provided materials for the study of the history of world literature and the current debates.

Valuable collections of essays include:. The World Wide Web provides in many ways the logical medium for the global circulation of world literature, and many websites now enable readers around the world to sample the world's literary productions. Finally, globally oriented authors themselves are increasingly creating work for the internet.

What texts count as world literature is debatable. World literature dictionary some argue that a work's exemplary artistic value and influence allow it to enter the canon of world literature, many scholars of world literature point world literature dictionary that literary quality world literature dictionary not inherent nor influence universal or lasting; rather, world literature dictionary, standards of quality are relative and vary among communities and across space and time.

As the scholar David Damrosch writes, world literature dictionary, "Over the centuries, an world literature dictionary shifty work can come in and out of the sphere of world literature several different times; and at any given point, a work may function as world literature for some readers but not others, and for some kinds of reading but not others.

The shifts a work may undergo, moreover, do not reflect the unfolding of some internal logic of the work in itself but come about through often complex dynamics of cultural change and contestation. Very few works secure a quick and permanent place in the limited company of perennial World Masterpieces; most works shift around over time, even moving into and out of the category of 'the masterpiece.

Thus, rather than gauge a work's world literature dictionary as world literature on its inherent quality or lasting influence, many scholars assert that what makes a work world literature is merely its circulation beyond its country of origin.

For example, Damrosch states, "A work enters into world literature by a double process: first, by being read as literature; second, by circulating out into a broader world beyond its linguistic and cultural point of origin. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page.

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John Oxenford as J. North Point Press, Posnett, Comparative Literature. London: K. Third edition, world literature dictionary, ed. Martin Puchner et al. Princeton: Princeton U. DeBevoise, world literature dictionary, Harvard U. Spivak, Death of a Discipline. What Is World Literature? Princeton University Press.

Retrieved 7 December Venkat The Routledge Companion to World Literature. Authority control GND : Categories : Literary criticism Literature by country Literature by language.

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World Literature | Definition of World Literature by Lexico


world literature dictionary


World literature is sometimes used to refer to the sum total of the world's national literatures, but usually it refers to the circulation of works into the wider world beyond their country of origin. Often used in the past primarily for masterpieces of Western European literature, world literature today is increasingly seen in global snovwes.gqs today have access to an unprecedented range. world literature definition, meaning, English dictionary, synonym, see also 'for the world',in the world',developing world',Fourth World', Reverso dictionary, English definition, English vocabulary. Literature definition is - writings in prose or verse; especially: writings having excellence of form or expression and expressing ideas of permanent or universal interest. How to use literature in a sentence.